THE BATTLE CONTINUES! Be sure to read Part 1 posted June 18.
Preparations for the Battle of Chippawa 200th anniversary continue.
You are invited to experience the Battle of Chippawa reenactment to take place July 5th and July 6th, 2014 on the actual historic site, located at the corner of The Niagara Parkway and Edgeworth Road in Niagara Falls, Ontario (see map below). Shuttle service will be available.
Six Nations Responds
It may come as a surprise to Canadians that large numbers of Native warriors served alongside the Americans at the Battle of Chippawa.
There were a number of reasons the New York Iroquois chose to serve with U.S. forces. Six Nations villages were destroyed the previous winter by British troops and their Native Allies. This action contravened an agreement between the nations that only allowed warriors to operate on their own side of the river in defense of communities. The Grand River Iroquois would argue that their New York relatives had broken the promise when some young warriors assisted U.S. troops in Niagara in 1813. The destruction of these villages demanded a response.
New York militia general Peter Porter had worked to provide resources and supplies for Native warriors to encourage assistance and this work paid off in 1814. Native leaders were also aware that if they did not assist their American neighbours, they might be forced to move further west. For the 1814 Campaign, Porter’s Third Brigade would include 500 Senecas and Tuscaroras. Their presence encouraged the quick British surrender at Fort Erie, and at Chippawa they countered the psychological impact Native warriors provided the British forces in earlier battles.
Sadly, on July 5th, in the woods on the western edge of the battlefield, warrior was fighting warrior. After the American victory at Chippawa, almost all the New York Iroquois returned home. They had fought hard and avenged the destruction of their homes but they politely told American commanders they were not interested in continuing a fight with their own brothers.
Three things contributed to the American victory at Chippawa.
- The disciplined infantry of Winfield Scott’s First Brigade held the Redcoats.
- Scott used his cannons more effectively than his British counterpart Riall.
- Native allies protected the American flank preventing the British line from deploying properly.
On July 5th and 6th come experience the history of the Battle of Chippawa as over 700 re-enactors relive this historic battle at Niagara Parks.
For detailed times please visit the Weekend Event Itinerary.
THE BATTLE CONTINUES! Be sure to read Part 3 posted June 30th.